Rhinitis, or inflammation of the nasal mucosa, can affect cats and their sensitive sense of smell. Inflammation may cause their narrow nasal passages to become blocked, leading to mouth breathing. As a result, the inhaled air is not warmed or cleaned, potentially causing complications. Rhinitis can be acute, chronic, primary, or secondary.
Rhinitis is characterized by:
Constant sneezing
Mouth breathing
Excessive nasal discharge
Inflammation around the eyes and nose, possibly with conjunctivitis
High temperature
Frequent pawing at the nose
Lethargy and inactivity
Nasal discharge may vary in appearance, from clear and thin to thick and viscous, green with pus, or tinged with red due to blood clots. Even a simple stuffy nose may require treatment.
Causes of Runny Nose
Fungal infections
Dental abscesses
Bacterial infections
Viral infections
Congenital disorders of the oral and nasal cavities
Foreign objects in the nose
Exposure to chemical substances
Allergic rhinitis is more common in purebred cats. A runny nose may also be a symptom of pneumonia and tuberculosis. Factors such as hypothermia, cold food, steam, and hot air can contribute to a runny nose.
Home Care for Your Pet
Keep your cat in a warm room with humidified air to reduce nasal discharge. Proper and attentive care is essential for the cat’s well-being.
When to Visit the Veterinarian
Consult a veterinarian if your cat has a stuffy nose, as various causes may require different treatments, including surgery. Individualized treatment depends on the cause and specific factors.
Diagnostics and Treatment
To initiate proper treatment, identify and address the underlying cause. The veterinarian will examine your cat and conduct necessary tests before prescribing an appropriate course of treatment. Avoid self-treating your pet without consulting a specialist, as this may complicate the diagnosis and worsen the animal’s condition.
Prevention Methods
Vaccination against viral diseases, which can cause or contribute to a stuffy nose, is an effective preventive measure. Additional preventive steps include:
Regularly washing bedding and rinsing food bowls
Avoiding contact with sick animals
Minimizing risks of injury and contact with allergens
Seeking prompt veterinary attention if symptoms are suspected
Cats thrive in comfortable, warm environments with loving care, which can help prevent many diseases.